Lohri is one of the most famous festivals of Northern India. On certain occasions, Lohri is spelt out as Lodi. The festival is essentially organized in winter across Punjab and other parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu and Delhi.

About Lohri Festival

There are various sources of Lohri. According to the belief of most of the people, Lohri was started to mark the observation of the eve of winter solstice or Makar Sankranti. Lohri is a festival which is devoted to the conclusion of the winter season. It is conventionally related to the harvesting of Rabi Crops. Devotees carry Rewari, Groundnuts, Butter, Flour and other food items to temples to show gratitude to god for an excellent harvest.

Punjabi cultivators consider the day after Lohri as the financial New Year. People of Punjab relate Lohri to the following myths:

  • Dulla Bhatti
  • Loh
  • Loi
  • Til and Rorhi
  • Holika, Lohri and Prahlad

The Time Of Lohri Festival

As per the Bikrami Calendar, Lohri takes place in Paush. According to the Gregorian Calendar, the date is 13th January. It is typically observed one day ahead of Makar Sankranti since it signifies the conclusion of the winter season.

Ceremony Of Lohri

Throughout the day, kids visit door to door and sing ethnic songs extolling Dulha Bhatti. They get Savories and Sweets and on certain occasions, money. Returning them unrewarded is considered as unfavorable.

The things received by the kids are named as Lohri and comprise Gachchak, Til (Sesame Seeds), Jaggery (Gur), Crystal Sugar, Moongphali (Peanuts) and Phuliya (Popcorn). These food items are subsequently dished out at night. Moongphali, til, popcorn and other items are also tossed into fire. The bonfire ritual varies from one area in Punjab to another. In certain areas, a little statue of the Lohri goddess is created with Cow Dung. In other regions, the fire is made with wood and cattle dung and no statue is created. The statue is bedecked and fire is lit. Songs honoring the goddess are sung. People throw jaggery, sesame seeds, rewaries and candies into the fire. Songs and dances go on until the fire disappears. Some also offer prayers and circle the fire. This is performed to demonstrate reverence to the fire. Guests are provided with gachchak, til (sesame seeds), jaggery, popcorn (phuliya) and moongphali (peanuts). Hindus also decant water and milk in the area of the bonfire. This is done to show gratitude to the Sun god and looking for his persistent shelter. People carry ashes of the fire to their houses.

Lohri Celebrations In India

In spite of the fact that Lohri is typically a Punjabi festival, it is observed in some other parts of Northern India. It is observed in Delhi which boasts a prime Punjabi populace. It is observed to mark the final of the chilliest days of the winter season. Aside from Punjab and Delhi, Lohri is celebrated in states like Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Jammu.

Lohri ceremony becomes more vibrant in houses where a child has born or a wedding has taken place. This festival is observed by Punjabis in a private manner. Songs and dances are an integral part of Lohri. People put on colorful dresses and dance to the tunes of Gidda and Bhangra music. Everyone enjoys delicacies like Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag. Lohri is mostly celebrated by the agricultural community. Nevertheless, people living in metropolis also observe this festival since it offers the chance to join relatives and friends.

The other festivals which are celebrated in Delhi are:

Republic Day

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